Basket used for landing passengers at Durban
before the wharf was built. This original basket can
be seen at the Maritime Museum in Durban (Victoria Embankment).
Passenger emerging from (or entering?) the basket
Passenger emerging from (or entering?) the basket
Archdeacon Lloyd who married my great grandparents,
Thomas Alfred Gadsden and Eliza Ann Bell at Conch Villa, the Bell family home on the Bluff, Durban, on 6 August 1873.
William Henry Cymric Lloyd, Anglican, Archdeacon of Durban (13 January 1802-3 January 1881). He was well-connected. Lloyd was the son of Bell Lloyd, brother to Edward Lloyd, 1st Baron Mostyn, and Anne Anson, sister of Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson and niece of Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt, Archbishop of York. He was brought up at the Anson seat, Shugborough Hall and at Lord Mostyn's castle in Flintshire.
Accompanied by his family Lloyd arrived in Durban, South Africa in 1849 as the first Colonial Chaplain appointed by Earl Grey. Lloyd was involved in the Colenso Controversy. He was rector of St. Paul's Church, Durban and subsequently Archdeacon of Durban. As military chaplain at the Fort during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 he played an important role.
He married firstly Lucy Jeffreys (died 1843) the daughter of the Rev. John Jeffreys, and secondly married Ellen Norman (died 1903). Archdeacon Lloyd's children remained in Natal and gained various distinctions
|Conch 1842 entering Port Natal|
Lighthouse Gravestone in cemetery at Burwen, Anglesey
The inscription on the stone reads: In loving memory of Thomas Cunningham, beloved husband to Mary Jane Cunningham 41 Mona Street, Amlwch Who departed this life August 17th 1910 Age 70 years.
Thomas Cunningham had been a lighthouse keeper in China, possibly in Shanghai, for about 30 years.
The Bay of Natal from the Bluff ca 1860:
watercolour by unknown artist, from an Album amicorum. (author's collection)
This is the view my lighthouse keeper great grandfather Thomas Gadsden would have looked out upon from the Bluff lighthouse during his tenure there (1867 - 1880s).
It is taken from the seaward end of the Bluff looking across the Point and Bay towards the heavily wooded Berea, with the buildings of D'Urban clustered onshore, right. A sailing ship negotiates the entrance channel in the foreground, dhows and other small craft are seen in the Bay, and the tug Pioneer, her single stack smoking, is in the centre of the picture, near the Point. At left is the signal station and signalman's house on the Bluff. It is possible that the tall building on the extreme right represents St. Paul's Church.
The painting can be dated to post December 1859 because the steam vessel shown is undoubtedly the Pioneer, Natal's first steam tug. She was 124 tons and was despatched (fitted with masts and sails) from the Thames at the end of July 1859, arriving in Durban 111 days later, having made the journey under sail only, her paddles being fitted in the Bay after her arrival here. On Boxing Day 1859 she was shown, flag-bedecked, to the assembled populace, and crossed the Bar with various dignitaries on board, sailing out into a choppy sea beyond the Bluff - to the discomfort of some of her passengers.
A rare find, this little watercolour in ornate embossed surround, was one of several original drawings in a mid-nineteenth century 'Album amicorum' (what we used to call an autograph album), bound in gilt maroon calf. The artist has signed himself (more probably herself) 'L.C.' and entitled the picture 'Bay of Natal and; Town of D'Urban'.
A peaceful and attractive colonial scene, though with hidden dangers lurking - many vessels came to grief on the beach or the Bluff rocks.
The notorious Bar, a sandbank across the entrance to the Bay, was the greatest hazard to shipping at Port Natal, and 'should on no account be attempted by a stranger, as the channel frequently shifts in direction and depth'. It was this problem, the changing depth of water over the Bar, which frequently necessitated vessels anchoring in the roadstead outside, and, if a gale sprang up, there was a chance of them being driven on-shore or wrecked on the rocks below the Bluff. A case in point was the Byrne settler ship Minerva, 987 tons, which was wrecked on the night of 4 July 1850 when she parted her main anchor in a sudden north-easterly while waiting in the 'roads'. Though the 2nd mate drowned, all the passengers were saved, but the ship became a total wreck and the immigrants' personal belongings went to the bottom.
Only three months after Thomas Gadsden's arrival, the Sebastian and the Earl of Hardwicke were beached in a similar gale on 26 September 1863.
|Waratah at Port Adelaide before her voyage to Durban.|
A poignant letter written by a crew member on 26 July, from the SS Waratah in
'Just a line to let you know we arrived here safely after a pretty rough voyage fromThe ship never arrived at the Cape. Her precise fate and the location of her wreck